In addition to a couch in a living room or alone in a library, the Chair can't miss in your home! We offer chairs in different styles, all adapted to any interior. Designcomfortable, original, they will feel in room of your apartment!
Essential element of a House, the Chair is one of the most representative elements of the show. You see it and use it every day, but you are you already asked about its history?
We offer a quick tour! First used to make a difference to the Court, the Chair is then reserved for the King. Now widely democratic, it is present in each House, although it can be made of materials of different qualities.
Techneb offers a wide choice of chairs, which by their great diversity, will suit your expectations: you are looking for the best price quality report or the high-end, chic or retro look, our Foundation will seduce you!
History of her ancestor headquarters, Tutankhamun to Louis XIV
Headquarters is not yesterday, and the oldest seats have been found in Egyptian tombs. Record straight, fitted with armrests, folding angle in X, the throne of Tutankhamun ceremony is one of the most beautiful examples of refinement. Already then, seats are involved in the symbolism of power and the throne reminder the hierarchy, although these were so very uncomfortable. Apart from this luxury, the most widespread headquarters in antiquity, thanks to its ease of travel, is the stool in X.
The throne of Dagobert (his "faudesteuil") is a cross between the throne and this type of stool. It is the oldest french seat that has reached to us.
In ancient Greece, the klismos takes shape. Folder rounded and more suited to the human body, it is more comfortable. Cushions and animal skins are sometimes added. Reused in the nineteenth century after the archaeological discoveries and pushed by the mode of classicism, this Chair is then the first actually addressed in an ergonomic concern, and truly has a modern appearance.
Until the end of the middle ages, no major changes: the throne, the stool folding X and the bench will be almost the only seats used. The only change is stiff records abandoned in favour of the curves, made possible by the diversification of materials.
Appearance of the Chair
In 1636, the term "armchair" appears to refer to the "arm chair". Family life develops with the rise of the middle class, and the Chair becomes a furniture Interior pleasant for the conversation. The Court, however, the choice of seats following a hierarchical order: the Chair is reserved for the King and guests of brands, the Chair or the stool raised to the princes of blood, the stool to the princesses of high rank and the Dukes and pairs, and the tile to courtesans.
Still more comfort! In the Renaissance (XVIII century) will start a the Chair design which takes into account the morphology. The structure will not change, but it will change everything that composes: more bends, birth of the ornamental sculpture, and Walnut replaces oak, until then drink reference of the furniture. Previously already present through the cushions, fabric, padded mane, begins to coat the seat.
The elements that compose
The elements composing the armchair vary according to the type of Chair. Some elements are still present, as the folder, the seat and the feet, but according to the style, their position may vary. This is the case for example of the folder in the furniture Louis XIII is high and reversed back, while it is very tilted and lowest in the Louis XIV furniture.
But other, less essential elements, can be removed or added, according to the style. The arm-rest for example, who will have to give in to the clothing fashion! In the time of the Regency, the dresses to baskets become fashionable, and the armrests are removed to make them square!
This is also the case of spacer: in H under Louis XIII, X under Louis XIV, and completely disappeared under the Regency.
The Chair is usually the work of the upholsterer upholsterer. There are also industrial copies, using synthetic foams as garnish (and not horsehair and springs like traditional chairs).
Here is an example of a manufacturing process for a leather chair:
The first step is the structure: it is the carcass. Then there is the pose of the springs on the seat and the elastic straps on the back. The carcass is subsequently covered with foam, then comes the leather wet laying (to soften).
What made you a Chair?
Today, there are a large enough number of materials used in the creation of Chair, and several technical operations of these materials. Fabric, leather, microfibers and natural materials remain the most used materials.
The fabric has a wide variety of patterns and colors. In addition, it is soft to the touch. It is advisable to take a fabric anti tasks, so that the Chair lasts longer.
The leather gives the look a room and is particularly comfortable as well as being soft to the touch. It is resistant to stains and ages very well. Nevertheless, its drawbacks are to be more fragile than other subjects, and to keep the heat in summer and cool in winter.
Microfiber is a textile fibre very resistant, waterproof, especially aesthetic and little messy. With a silky, this coating offers optimal comfort. First, this fabric has been used for... Sports clothing!
Who makes the Chair?
The Chair is typically designed by an upholsterer upholsterer. As its name suggests, this craftsman furnishes all types of carcasses and realize pads to balls, pricked or padded. To do this, it uses balls horsehair, or modern methods in synthetic foam base.
It must respect the style of seat, i.e. to take into account the time of each seat. Each era has its own form of pelota and its own type of collection. This also applies to the quality of the fabrics and their motives.
Some shoemakers are specialized in car upholstery.
Maintain his chair
The Chair is one of the major assets of a lounge, and it is important to think to maintain it regularly. A dusty or dirty Chair is enough to give a bad image of the whole room. Maintenance of course changes according to the material:
For leather: a sponge weekly glance will be enough to clean it from dust,
For the fabric: suck up dust on a weekly basis also, and in case of allergy to dust mites, cleaning twice a year with shampoo and water.
For polyester / polyurethane: wash twice a year with SOAP of Marseille or with milk from maintenance
The different styles : a Royal history
The monarchy is can be completed in France, but she always comes into our vocabulary!
Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, Louis XVI, all these monarchs have furniture in their name! How? No this isn't a tribute to their person, this is actually the name that is called the furniture in the fashion of their time. It is therefore only name of periods, and some furniture are named "Executive Board" or "restoration", according to the regime of the country.
Fashion evolved already very quickly, and there are significant differences between each of these epochs! For example Chair Louis XIII has a record low for work or meals, while Louis XIV has a higher and raised record backwards.
Under Louis XV, the cabriolet Chair appears. Founded in 1740 , it's the first chair whose record curves to match the shape of the back, like the seat of the car from which her name is drawn. These nuptials in fact dislike strongly to members of the French Academy which are indecent such a wheelchair in such a place.
In 1776, under Louis XVI, is created a new Chair for the comte d'Artois, who has a feature that will be a great success and will be continued then: the folder is bent to Medallion.
Every era has its innovations: under the directoire, the flowers of lily, symbol of the monarchy, are replaced by the spear or the Phrygian. Under the Empire, the Egyptian sets develop Eagles take place under the restoration, the flower of lily is substitute for the Eagles, and the Chair in a gondola appears... Finally the period Napoleon III is exploding in terms of creation of seat.
Although these styles are not directly related to the characters which they bear the name, he must admit that it has a certain charm.
After Napoleon III style, comes a significant change for the Chair around the 2 th: the industrial era.
Ways of life change, exchanges between countries are more and more frequent, and appears an international style: Art Nouveau. This movement will promote the undulations and the sinuous forms, which will be deleted under the last result style of the 2 th century, art Deco. The creators are then moving towards more pure and sober lines and Art Deco will artists interested in furniture, such as Le Corbusier or Raoul Duffy.
The Chair at the Court: exclusively for the King!
Station to that which, in the course, would dare to sit on a Chair! Then we talk of lese-majeste, and God knows what could happen to this person.
Everything is legislated, and only the King and famous figures have a Chair. To give an idea of the importance of the seats to the course, the Dukes and peers, and senior officials sat on tiles (flat and square cushions placed on the ground). The Chair is reserved for the princes of blood, and the stool to the princesses of senior ranks.
The funny name of chairs!
We can wonder about some strange names, because what's there in common between a Chair and the famous philosopher Voltaire, then the designation is not contemporary?
In truth this name must the day to an iconographic representation of Voltaire sitting on a Chair.
It goes the same for the Chesterfield. On behalf of somewhere, on his deathbed, ordered to give to his friend who came to visit him a Chair. The order is poorly understood, and we insist that the friend said wins home. It was not that joke this scene gives this name to this Chair.
The Office Chair: a symbol of power?
The Chair has a role of hierarchical position. The throne is an example, and in the collective imagination, difficult to imagine a great post without great Chair or a low responsible without basic Chair position, see no Chair.
Indeed, the Chair had a hierarchical role well before be designed for comfort. The proof of former Kings, very few chairs comfortable but is already imposing, made to order. The first comfortable Thrones come under Louis XIV. Today even though the monarchy is abolished in most countries, the Chair keeps its hierarchical and symbolic role.
Some examples of chairs belonging to the greats of today's world:
The president of Gabon has the chance to sit on a Chair, richly decorated, close to the throne. The Chair, which bears the initials RG (Gabonese Republic) is, in addition to being comfortable, very symbolic in Gabon.
The president of Russia Vladimir Putin has a chair with valuable wood species.
At the inauguration of the president of the United States, the president takes the Office oval, and chooses a Chair, among four choices, with all casters and armrests. One is thick leather black with a high back and a head rest, another brown leather with a massive wooden structure, one with the top of the back taking the shape of mustache, and the last of tawny leather red leather (which is the one on which the President Barack Ob WADA was sitting). He has another Chair with his name and the date of his inauguration.
Mrs Merkel looks for her favorite simplicity: she opted for a bureau to roulette and black seat rather common, adjustable and practical.
In terms of the Office Chair the Elysée, it is an armchair in beech style Louis XIV.
Scientists and literary
If elites generally allow themselves to have large and beautiful chairs, it is interesting that scientists are usually much more modest. Proof is from Albert Einstein, one of the most famous scientists of our time, who sat for his research in a wheelchair could not be more classic, with a dark wood, a record padded and covered with a velvet in pattern fabric.
It's a simple too, although Chair decorated, who served him when writing his poems.
It goes same for Marie Curie, famous for its two Nobel, who was working on a kitchen Chair very simple in solid wood with a straw seat. This Chair was then so common that it was present in all kitchens!
It is possible to visit the House of Victor Hugo, and although things have been dispersed after his exile, we can see the chairs of the famous poet, which are pretty simple, but decorated.
Wheelchairs are, in the collective imagination, quite recent. They date yet of the life century!
The first furniture date from the life century, but they were for children.
A wheelchair was specially designed for Philip II of Spain, and appears on a sketch.
In 1665, a German watchmaker paralyzed invented a chair with three wheels, and a crank on the front wheel.
There are currently a large number of wheel chair (45 models), adapting to needs very various.
The wheelchair modern was designed by Flemming Moller, who filed a patent.
One cannot address wheelchairs without talking about the model designed in part by the famous physicist Stephane Hawking, in collaboration with Intel. This Chair, named "Connected Wheelchair" is directly connected to the Internet, knows heading alone, find places accessible to disability, can measure in real time the medical constants of the user, and pass them on to the doctor in case emergency! It also allows to evaluate the best way to reach its destination through the Internet and Geolocation. This Chair, whose output made little noise, because then Apple alienated the attention of the media with the release of his watch, is totally revolutionary, and the fruit of 1 years of research!
Chairs that made history
A chair with a stuffed bear. It sounds crazy, but it was real. Created by the Hunter Seth Kinman, the entire structure is based on the animal's skin. This book was a gift to president Andrew Johnson.
The Chair is placed on which Abraham Lincoln, is studded and inspired by Louis XV, is part of the 'basics' but chairs which were known by the greatness of their possessor.
The Rocking Chair from president Kennedy, suffering from back pain, is also part of those. It was sold for $87,5 in 2013.
In here is one that will please the chauvinistic reader: the Chair of General De Gaulle. His office located 5 Solférino in Paris Street, is a historical monument. He suffered no major changes and two armchairs leather club type, in which the famous writer and adventurer André Malraux sat are still installed.
Exclusive to the King to the ubiquity!
The Chair was actually a funny story. Initially symbol of power, although very uncomfortable, it undergoes a lot of changes both forms on materials. He became an object could not be more common, although the quality varies and is usually a symbol of power.
He was able to make himself indispensable in many places very different, whether it's film, a waiting room...
The place he occupies in some places is essential, and he speaks generally to the place where it is placed. One can easily understand a single glance theimportance of the places where you are Thanks to the chairs richly adorned.
However, the place where the Chair has the most meaning is probably the business world. He is a pretty important role, on the one hand having a role of symbol of power for the leader, and the other an important indication on the working conditions of the employees.